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Vorläufige Anwendung nur unter drei Auflagen – das (erste?) CETA-Urteil des BVerfG vom 13.10.2016

von BJÖRN SCHIFFBAUER

Björn SchiffbauerRechtliche Fragen zur europäischen und internationalen Zusammenarbeit werden immer häufiger in Karlsruhe beantwortet. Nach dem wegweisenden OMT-Urteil drei Monate zuvor stand nun erstmalig ein gemischtes Abkommen der EU auf dem Prüfstand des BVerfG: der Freihandelsvertrag CETA. Formal hat das BVerfG die Anträge auf einstweilige Anordnung gegen die vorläufige Anwendung des CETA mit seinem Urteil vom 13.10.2016 abgelehnt, in der Sache jedoch erhebliche Auflagen für den Start des Vertrages erlassen. Diese „Ja, aber“-Entscheidung soll hier genauer unter die Lupe genommen werden.

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International trade regulation beyond Doha: The new EU-Canada free trade agreement

von MICHAEL IOANNIDIS

In a recent discussion at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg, Martti Koskenniemi, one of the most prominent international lawyers of his generation, mentioned that the development that currently concerns him the most is the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). This bilateral free trade agreement currently negotiated by the United States and the European Union is part of a broader tendency in the regulation of international trade: regionalism.

Regionalism

In the last two decades, bilateral and plurilateral trade agreements have occupied trade specialists, media, and the public. The failure of the WTO for more than a decade now to deliver a global trade agreement in Doha has contributed to a flurry of regional trade agreements (RTAs). Their growth in number is impressive. There are currently 262 RTAs in force registered with the WTO and this number is expected to grow. Their scope is also impressive. Modern RTAs do not suffice with tariff-cutting. They go far beyond, covering sensitive issues of environmental protection, technical standards, labour rules, and investment. That means in turn that sophisticated RTAs, like those concluded by developed OECD economies, are not anymore the sole province of trade lawyers – they make newspaper headings, engage civil society, and motivate political contestation. Weiterlesen …